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Functional Fabric Design

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Functional fabrics are garments made from outdoor sports functional fabrics. These fabrics are mainly mountaineering suits, ski suits, and jackets. The style is rough and the hand feels stiff. The performance requirements are very high. It is suitable for use in adventure and harsh environments. It has a protective effect on people.
The other is the clothing made of outdoor leisure functional fabrics. The definition is that it is outdoor activities outside the home. This kind of fabric is mainly casual and fashionable, with exquisite workmanship, soft hand feeling and comfortable wearing. It is suitable for tourism, field activities, etc. .

Functional fabric introduction

(1)Super waterproof fabric

Ordinary raincoats prevent the penetration of rain, but are not conducive to the elimination of sweat and water vapor. The moisture-permeable waterproof fabric has changed this shortcoming. By using the difference in the size of the water vapor particles and the raindrops, the porous structure film with a smaller pore diameter than the raindrops is attached to the surface of the fabric, so that the raindrops cannot pass through, while the water vapor and sweat are It can pass smoothly and is good for ventilation.

(2)Flame retardant fabric

Flame-retardant fabric, polyester flame retardant fabric, finished with the latest ATP flame retardant, with excellent washing resistance, flame retardant effect, good hand feeling, non-toxic and safe. This product is halogen-free and meets the requirements of ecological and environmental protection. Its main technical indicators are at the international advanced level. The flame retardant index of polyester flame retardant fabric can reach the national standard B2 or above. Washable times up to 30 times.

Pure cotton flame retardant fabric is finished with our new CP flame retardant. It has the characteristics of water resistance, flame retardant effect, good hand feeling and non-toxic safety. This product meets the requirements of ecological and environmental protection, and its main technical indicators are at the domestic leading level. The flame retardant index of polyester flame retardant fabric can reach the national standard B2 or above. The number of washables is more than 20 times.

The permanent flame-retardant fabric is made by spinning, weaving and dyeing the innate flame retardant fiber. The fabric has the characteristics of flame retardant, wear-resistant, temperature-resistant, washable, acid-proof, waterproof, anti-static, strong, etc. It is suitable for making ideal fabrics for protective clothing of metallurgy, oil field, coal mine, chemical industry, electric power and fire protection industry. .

(3)Color changing fabric

A fabric that changes color with changes in light, heat, liquid, pressure, and electron lines. It is prepared by sealing a color-changing material into a microcapsule and dispersing it into a resin liquid and applying it to a cloth surface. It can be used to make transportation clothes, swimwear, etc., to play a role of security protection, but also to make stage costumes, which can play colorful and mysterious effects.

(4) Antistatic fabric

The method of hydrophilic finishing or adding conductive fibers makes the fabric conductive. The fabric is not easy to absorb dust and antistatic, and is very suitable for making carpets and special work clothes such as dustproof clothes.

The main products are:

Anti-static fine slanting cloth: JT/C32X32 is used for the warp and weft of the fabric; an antistatic special fiber is added in the weft direction, the product specification is 130X70, the width of the fabric is 63 inches, and the fabric is finely twill weave in the rapier. Interwoven on the machine, the fabric style is fascinating and the texture is quite suitable. It is the trendy fabric for making spring protective clothing.

Anti-static line card: Its warp and weft yarn adopts JT/C yarn 32s/2*32s/2; and it is mixed with conductive special fiber in the latitudinal medium distance, the fabric is in the size of 108*53, and the fabric is twill weave in the rapier. Interwoven on the machine, it has been processed through the fine lines of pre-shrinking, pre-shrinking, shaping and dyeing. With its good color, good hand feeling, not easy to wrinkle, strong drape, easy to wash, anti-static performance and other unique strengths won the love of clothing manufacturers. "Anti-static line card" is mainly used for the production of early spring work clothes for flammable and explosive occasions such as petrochemical, liquefied gas stations, gas stations and oil tankers.

Anti-static canvas: the fabric warp yarn adopts CVC21s/2 cotton yarn; the weft yarn adopts 10s; and an antistatic special fiber is blended in the latitudinal distance, the fabric is interwoven with the plain weave on the rapier loom, and the dyeing and finishing process is unique. . The cloth is beautiful and charming. Compared with other cotton canvases, it has the characteristics of softness, crispness, breathability, easy washing and comfort. It also has strong fastness, good draping and antistatic properties. "Anti-static canvas" is mainly used in the production of flammable and explosive places such as petrochemical, liquefied gas stations, gas stations, oil tankers and other oil tankers.

Anti-static straight tribute cloth: This fabric is a new variety developed in 2005. The sales performance has been good since its launch. Its warp yarn is 32s/2 cotton yarn; the weft yarn is 32s/2 cotton yarn; and it is blended at latitudinal distance. An antistatic special fiber, the fabric is interwoven with 3/1 tribute tissue on the rapier loom, and the dyeing and finishing process is unique. The fabric is beautiful and charming. Compared with the cotton tribute fabric, it has the characteristics of softness, crispness, breathability, easy washing and comfort. It also has strong fastness, good draping and antistatic properties.

(5)Thermal insulation fabric

A fabric made of zirconia-based compound microparticles added to nylon and polyester fibers to efficiently absorb solar energy and convert it into heat, that is, a far-infrared thermal insulation fabric. Increased insulation, practical for clothing in cold environments.

Functional fabric atlas

(6)Waterproof and moisture permeable functional fabric

Waterproof and moisture permeable fabric means that water does not immerse into the fabric under a certain pressure, and the sweat emitted by the human body can be transmitted to the outside through the fabric in the form of water vapor, thereby preventing sweat accumulation and condensation between the body surface and the fabric to maintain the comfort of the garment. Sex, it is a high-tech, unique functional fabric. Waterproofing is not a problem for ordinary fabric workers. The key is how to achieve moisture permeability. Below, we will take a deeper look at the types of waterproof and moisture permeable fabrics.

First, through the fiber to achieve moisture permeability

1.Wentel fabric. The earliest waterproof and moisture permeable fabric is the famous Ventile fabric. Designed by the Shirley Institute in the United Kingdom in the 1940s, it is a high-density, low-twist cotton yarn with high density and low-density tissue fabrics from Egyptian long-staple cotton. It was originally used for the cold protection of British Air Force pilots during the Second World War. Anti-dip service. When the fabric is dry, the gap between the warp and weft yarns is large, about 10 microns, which provides a highly moisture-permeable structure; when the rain or water drenches the fabric, the cotton yarn expands, so that the gap between the yarns is reduced to 3 to 4 microns. This closed cell mechanism is combined with a special water repellent finish to ensure that the fabric is not further penetrated by rain. At present, such fabrics have long been replaced by other waterproof and moisture permeable fabrics.

2,Coolmax fabrics. DuPont, Japan Toray and other international companies have studied the way in which the pores are made inside the fiber to remove sweat, which is the moisture wicking fabric on the market. This type of fiber production technology is concentrated in the hands of such large international companies, and the price is relatively high, making it difficult to become the mainstream of the market.

Second, through the coating to achieve moisture permeability

Applying a variety of coatings with waterproof and moisture permeable properties to fabrics using dry direct coating, transfer coating, foam coating, phase inversion or wet coating (coagulation coating) On the surface, the surface pores of the fabric are closed or reduced to a certain extent by the coating agent, thereby obtaining water repellency. The moisture permeability of the fabric is caused by the hydrophilic structure of the microporous structure or coating agent formed by the special method on the coating and the water molecules, and the water molecules are adsorbed on the high humidity side by hydrogen bonding and other intermolecular forces. Passed to the low temperature side of the analytical effect to obtain. Coated fabrics are low in price and achieve a certain degree of moisture permeability, and are widely used. However, due to its poor waterproof and moisture permeability, the hand feel is not satisfactory, and the market share is gradually decreasing.

The wet transfer coating fabric developed now makes the coated fabric a new machine. It not only has high physical properties such as waterproof and moisture permeability, but also can be treated with 100% Teflon and the washing fastness can reach 25 times. Above, the feel is also very good.

Third, through the waterproof waterproof membrane to achieve moisture penetration

1, PTFE film

The diameter of the water vapor molecules is 0.0004 microns, while the diameter of the light mist with the smallest diameter in the rainwater is 20 microns. The diameter of the drizzle is as high as 400 microns. If a film with a pore diameter between water vapor and rainwater can be produced, it is waterproof. Is it possible to achieve moisture penetration? GORE Corporation of the United States used polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) to become the first company to produce the film. After laminating and laminating with fabric, the product was named GORE-TEX. However, due to the very strong chemical inertness of PTFE, there is almost no material that can be laminated well with other fabrics. The first generation fabrics have very poor fastness.

Later, through continuous efforts, by combining with other hydrophilic film layers to form a composite film, and special treatment on the film, the fastness is greatly improved. It is generally believed that the water pressure of Gore-Tex fabric can reach 10000mm, and the water pressure will drop significantly after washing 6-7 times; the moisture permeability can reach 10000g/sqm*24hrs, but this is not the fabric that has just been made. To reach this value, it is necessary to wash the part of the glue several times, and the available pores are increased, and the moisture permeability is increased.

2, TPU film

TPU is an abbreviation for thermoplastic polyurethane film and belongs to non-porous hydrophilic film. Since the film itself has no pores, the waterproof effect is naturally good, and the fabric is also windproof and warm. Moisture transmission is mainly achieved by its hydrophilic properties. Depending on the difference in vapor pressure between the inside and outside of the clothes, the steam is transferred from a place with a high pressure to a low place, thereby achieving a function of moisture permeability.

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